Three of America’s high marathoners—Lindsay Flanagan (2:29), Dathan Ritzenhein (2:07), and Jared Ward (2:09)—lately contributed one-week coaching journals to Podium Runner within the leadup to the Boston Marathon. When you studied them intently (as I did), you might need seen some frequent themes. And why wouldn’t you? Elite marathoning is a high-stakes sport that has been round for effectively over a century, so it’s solely to be anticipated that the best coaching practices are well-known and broadly employed at this stage.
These practices are usually not of mere tutorial curiosity to the aggressive beginner runner. The professionals could have sure genes we lack and could possibly deal with extra miles than we will, however they’re nonetheless human, and usually the identical strategies that work greatest for them work greatest for us—though many amateurs fall into much less efficient coaching patterns. Following are 5 key options of the coaching of Flanagan, Ritz, and Ward that you simply’ll need to emulate in your pursuit of non-public bests.
picture: Courtesy Lindsay Flanagan
Plenty of actually straightforward working
It’s most likely protected to imagine that the very first thing to leap out at most folk after they learn these three professional runner journals is how briskly they run—even within the “straightforward” runs that dominate their schedules. Flanagan stories averaging between 6:40 and seven:10 per mile in these runs, whereas Ritzenhein hovers shut to six:30 tempo and Ward is even quicker, at 6:00 to six:15 per mile.
However these numbers are misleading. There’s a distinction between working quick and working intensely. Train scientists place the boundary between low and average depth on the ventilatory threshold (VT), the place a runner’s respiration begins to extend at an accelerated charge.
For an elite feminine runner like Flanagan, this depth corresponds to a tempo of roughly 5:40 per mile, and for elite males like Ritz and Ward it falls only a hair beneath marathon pace—name it 5:00 per mile. Therefore, when Flanagan does her straightforward runs at 6:40 to 7:10 per mile, she is in reality working straightforward (i.e., at low depth), and the identical is true of Ritzenhein’s 6:30 miles and Ward’s 6:00-6:15 miles.
Most nonelite runners do a preponderance of their “straightforward” miles at or barely above (quicker than) the VT, which is to say at average depth—a behavior that, in line with scientific analysis, inhibits health improvement. You’ll get extra profit out of your coaching for those who take a cue from the professionals and do 80 p.c of your working at an depth that’s genuinely straightforward for you. For the elites, this provides as much as 80 or extra miles—your miles will scale to your present health, however it is best to nonetheless not run greater than 20 p.c of your complete quantity quicker than VT.
When you can’t communicate comfortably in full sentences as you run, you might be above the VT. When you’re working alone, strive singing out loud; it is best to be capable of croon a line or two earlier than pausing for extra air.
Plenty of issues aside from working
Lindsay Flanagan’s pattern coaching week consists of references to swimming, out of doors elliptical biking, sporting compression boots, energy coaching, bodily remedy, yoga, and self-massage with a curler system. Equally, Ritz mentions getting chiropractic and myofascial launch remedies, PT, therapeutic massage, energy coaching, and aqua jogging, and Ward stories sporting compression boots, utilizing a high-tech therapeutic massage ball, getting therapeutic massage remedies, energy coaching, and stretching.
In a phrase, high marathoners do lots of stuff moreover working for the sake of their working. However does it actually make a distinction? I believe so. In 2017 I spent 13 weeks with the HOKA ONE ONE NAZ Elite staff in Flagstaff, AZ, the place I did just about all the things the professionals do. On the finish of this era, I broke an eight-year-old marathon PB at age 46.
I get it: You barely have sufficient time for all of the working you need to do, not to mention all these ancillary actions. However there’s a reasonably good likelihood your working will enhance even for those who find time for a couple of of this stuff by working a bit much less, in order that your general time dedication to the pursuit of non-public bests stays unchanged.
Going by really feel
Of their respective journals, Flanagan, Ritzenhein, and Ward make frequent references to how they really feel throughout every run. Elite runners are typically exceptionally attuned to their our bodies. They usually don’t merely take note of how they really feel; they constantly regulate their coaching based mostly on this info. In describing a straightforward treadmill run, for instance, Jared Ward writes, “I usually don’t go this quick, however I let really feel dictate the tempo on straightforward days.”
Whether or not you’re knowledgeable marathoner or a first-timer or something in between, getting essentially the most out of your coaching requires that your physique’s suggestions have simply as a lot say as your plan in figuring out how briskly, how far, and the way usually run. As Ritz advises in his piece, “Don’t attempt to emulate [other people’s] coaching; study the ideas and patterns, then make it your personal by [doing] what works greatest in your physique!”
Picture: Hansons-Brooks ODP
A fixation on tempo
Coaching by really feel just isn’t the identical as winging it. The quantity of consideration given to tempo and occasions is maybe the one most hanging function of those three coaching journals. Contemplate Flanagan’s description of a Wednesday fartlek run: “The two-minute repeats had been extra on the managed aspect (5:10–5:15 tempo), and the 1-minutes had been a straightforward float fairly than a jog (6:25–6:35 tempo). The typical tempo for the entire exercise mixed was 5:40 (together with the on and off parts). My final marathon was 2:29.25, which is 5:41 tempo. I positively suppose I used to be able to run quicker that day, and my altitude-adjusted marathon effort has been 5:40 for this construct up.”
Why this fixation on numbers? Skilled marathoners are on a quest to achieve the outer limits of their efficiency capability, and these limits are outlined by way of time over distance. There may be merely no approach for any runner to understand his or her full potential with out consciously aiming for targets that take her or him a step past previous limits.
If the frequent themes of Flanagan’s, Ritzenhein’s, and Ward’s coaching journals characterize a sort of blueprint for efficient marathon coaching, this blueprint just isn’t static. All three runners make it clear that their strategies have developed over time based mostly on classes they’ve realized and their our bodies’ pure maturation and getting old. Ritz, who at 36 is comparatively lengthy within the tooth for an elite runner, notes in his contribution, “I used to have the ability to run 120–130 miles per week once I was youthful however now I discover that someday off per week is one thing my physique wants. It takes 15 miles out of my weekly quantity however I’ve to take a look at my exercises and know that the standard is there and I don’t want to achieve as a lot for the amount that I did once I was youthful.”
There could also be no such factor as perfection, however by emulating the professionals and always refining your strategy by particular person trial and error and in response to your physique’s altering wants and limits, you’ll be able to transfer ever near good in your personal marathon coaching.